What is a camera lens? It’s an optical lens or assembly of lenses used in conjunction with a camera body and mechanism to make images of objects either on photographic film or on other media capable of storing an image chemically or electronically. Lens used for a still camera, a video camera, a telescope, a microscope or other apparatus follow more or less the same principle, but the design and construction are different. Some camera lenses are fixed while others are interchangeable.
DSLRs are affordable and simple to use giving amateur photographers to go one level up from basis point-and-shoot cameras. Consumer-grade DSLRs, such as Nikon D90 are sold with basic zoom lens. The kit lens that comes with it is versatile and because of this many of the users don’t move beyond using another camera lens. This is mainly due to the fact that there are many lens option available for DSLRs and they are categorized and sold in confusing names and numbers. The option of carrying around a bagful of camera lenses, like golf clubs, is limited to the pro photographers. They know what lens goes for what shot and thus getting a perfect shot.
It’s important to know that having the right lens can make a difference in the picture that’s more crucial that the camera itself.
It’s important to know that to obtain the right lens require spending wisely, refining interests and understanding a few basics.
Zoom Lens vs. Prime lens – Zoom lens zooms in and out, allowing magnification of the subject.A prime camera lens cannot zoom. For getting closer to a subject or farther away, you would have to move your legs rather than the zoom ring on the lens. However prime lenses are cheaper than zoom lenses, offer sharper results and have wider apertures, which mean it can perform better in low light situations. Zoom lens offer more versatility, they allow you to change lens, and therefore the type of shot you’re getting. Both the zoom and prime lenses are classified according to their focal length. Often measured in millimetres, the focal length specifies the distance at which something is in focus. Prime lenses come with a set focal length, and they are labelled as 35 mm, 50 mm and so on. Zoom lenses offer a range, like 18-55 mm, 70-300 mm. With a 70-300 mm lens you get a focal length as wide as 70 mm and as close as 300 mm and everything in between.
Aperture – It determines how much light the camera lens can allow in. Wider aperture means more light is allowed and the lenses are often marked by smaller numbers, e.g. f/1.8. Lenses with narrow aperture are marked with larger numbers, e.g. f/5.6. Aperture is a visible part of the lens. The markings like f/1.8 indicates the maximum aperture the lens allows.
When you combine focal length and aperture, reading lens name becomes easier. For example, 18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6, means that you can capture a subject as wide as 18 mm with a maximum aperture of f/3.5 and zoom in as close as 55 mm with an aperture of f/5.6.
Fisheye lenses are the widest range of lenses. They offer extreme depths and they usually come in 12 mm or less. Wide angle lenses offer focal lengths of 18-30 mm and they also offer depth but to a lesser extent when compared to a fisheye camera lens. Standard lenses are of the range 35-85 mm and they are like eyes, offering a more natural look to the picture. They are usually used for portraits, nature or portfolio shots. Telephoto lenses usually come in 100-300 mm range and they allow you to get closer to a subject without physically moving closer. Super telephoto lenses are of ranges 300 mm or more and are usually used for taking pictures of subject that are at a great distance, like the moon. Always start with a basic lens and master it before moving on to the next level of lenses. You’ll be able to handle and be able do more with the lenses.
Binoculars are the one of the world’s most used optical instrument. Simply put, they enable you to view images as if they are closer. They increase the size of the image, and let in more light than a normal human eye, making images appear brighter in low light conditions. Simple binoculars consist of two optical lens that are connected by a hinge sharing a common focus system and thus projecting the same image for both eyes and providing a realistic perception of depth. Choosing the right binocular can be a challenge, it is important to know factors like what, where, when and how often you’re going to use the binocular. Once you know these things, then it’s easier to select the right binocular for your needs.
General use binoculars can be used for hiking, stadium sports and outdoor activities. Compact and wide angle binoculars are great for these purposes as the lenses provide a good field of view. They are usually found at 7x to 10x magnification ranges. Since they are designed for general use, they are easy to store in a pocket or on a strap around your neck.
Hunting binoculars come in 7x to 10x magnification ranges. However for long range viewing, it is advisable to use a 12x to 16x magnification binocular. It gives a clearer picture. However at large magnification, if you are using your hands the image will be very shaky. Shaking of hands is amplified by larger magnification, so it is best to use a tripod to stabilize the binoculars.
Bird watching binoculars come with a standard 8×42 magnification. Opting for a 10x to 12x magnification with a 42 or a 50 millimetre objective will allow you to see more details on smaller birds at greater distance. It’s always to go for bird watching binoculars with features like longer eye relief and a close focus.
Boating and marine binoculars don’t need a high magnification simply because you’re on water and the stability will be compromised even if you use a tripod. Commonly used magnification is a 7x, but 8x and 10x are also used. The binoculars should have a 42 or a 50 millimetre objective lens. Since you’re going to be in water, it is advisable to have binoculars that have rubber armouring and waterproof features.
A concert or Theatre binocular which is compact and has a wide angle is the preferred choice as they offer a good field of view. Compact binoculars with 4×30, 5×25, 8×25 and 7×18 or 7×21 magnifications are great for theatre and music concerts.
An ideal binocular doesn’t exist, it depends on your needs and usage and how much you’re willing to spend on them. If you’re really interested in binoculars then it’s always good to have three types of binoculars – general, compact and hunting or bird watching. Look for binoculars online, research more if you’re still unsure about what type you need and only then select the binoculars that offers exactly what you want.
A tripod is simple, portable three-legged frame, used as means for supporting the weight and maintaining the stability of the object. The three legs are positioned away from the vertical centre allowing the tripod more resistance to lateral forces and also stability against downward and horizontal forces and movements about horizontal axes. In photography, it is used to balance and raise a camera, a flash unit or other photographic equipment. Photographic tripods have mounting heads to attach a camera. The mounting head usually includes a thumbscrew that can be connected to the baseplate of the camera, and also mechanisms to rotate, tilt and pan the camera when it is mounted on the tripod. In order to save space and easy to carry around, the tripod legs are made to be telescopic and are usually made of light materials such as aluminium, carbon fibre, steel or plastic.
Still and motion photography make use of tripod. Mainly to prevent camera movement, they are also necessary when lenses of extreme focal lengths are used or a slow-speed exposure is being made, as even the slightest camera movement while the shutter is open will produce a blurred image. Since stability is achieved, camera shake is also reduced thus giving maximum sharpness. It is also helpful in precise framing of the subject. It’s often required for professional photography.
Selecting the right tripod for your camera can be quite tricky. There are few tips that you could keep in mind when choosing one. They are:
Weight – The weight of the tripod should be looked from two angles. Firstly, you are the one who will need to carry it around. If you’re travelling or will carry it around a lot, go for a lighter option. Secondly the weight of the equipment you’re going to put on it. Small cameras do not require a heavy tripod while a canon dslr with large lenses may require a heavy tripod to handle the weight.
Stability – Heavy tripods don’t always need to be equally stable. Try it out against conditions like windy rocky surfaces.
Leg locks – The locking mechanism varies from tripod to tripod. Look for ones that are easy to use and will be strong and hold the legs in place with the full weight of the camera.
Leg sections – Since tripods use telescoping mechanism, it’s always best to look for one that offer three or more sections. More sections means smaller fold up and a sturdier construction.
Height – It depends on the style of photography. Think of the maximum and minimum height required so that you don’t need to bend all the time while framing a shot. Also look at the portability factor.
Tripod Heads – They come in two types – ball and socket and pan and tilt. Ball and socket are flexible and allow easy movement of the camera, its smooth and user friendly. Pan and tilt lock the camera into position, given a more camera shake free framing.
Some of the companies that manufacture tripods are Manfrotto, Fotopro, Simpex, Vanguard and many more. Some of the models come with remote controls to control a camera without having the need to operate the camera manually.
A remarkable technological advancement, digital single-lens reflex cameras are colloquially known as a digital SLR or DSLR cameras. It is a digital camera which culminates both the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor, as opposed to the photographic film cameras used earlier. With everything under the sun moving towards a smart and easy way, cameras have also joined the league. Now, you do not need to worry about adjusting numerous times, and rather leave those responsibilities to your camera. The features of dslr camera makes photography a lot more simpler than what it was earlier. With most of its functions operating automatically, DSLR cameras have paved way for quicker and simpler photographic features.
However, in order to understand the features of DSLRs, the best way is to learn them in comparison to other types of cameras. The primary difference between a DSLR and other digital cameras is the reflex design scheme. The reflex design works on a specific principle in which, light travels through the lens, then to a mirror that reflects to send the image to either the viewfinder or the image sensor. Thus, by using only one lens, the viewfinder or image sensor presents an image that will not result in a vivid difference from what is captured by the camera’s sensor.
In order to delve deeper into the features of the DSLR cameras, we need to understand the workings and their various uses. DSLR cameras, along with most of the digital cameras, generally have a mode dial to access standard camera settings or automatic scene-mode settings. They often include modes like full-auto, landscape, portrait, action, macro, and night modes and so on. Professional DSLRs hardly contain automatic scene modes because professionals are skillful enough to understand their equipment and can quickly adjust the settings as per their requirements. DSLR cameras are designed with the ability to exchange lenses. This gives you the option of changing the camera lens in accordance to your photographic needs. With a High Definition interface introduced in 2008, few models of DSLR cameras can be used to capture realistic videos. Earlier HDSLRs were not ideal for amateur photographers as they needed some level of planning and skill for location shooting. Now, with more advanced technology, HDSLRs have gained immense prominence, though more on the professional front. They are ideal for shooting short films. Another feature called live preview plays a vital role in underwater photography as the camera is enclosed within a waterproof plastic bag. These cameras are useful in situations where the camera’s eye-level viewfinder cannot be used to capture a moment. Designed with larger sensor sizes and better image quality, DSLR cameras help you click and get up close and personal with your favourite moments without even going near to them.
DSLRs have a wider angle of view which captures a panoramic view easily. You can enjoy clicking a vast landscape or a huge area without any adjustment issues. These digitally-created images have more natural colours and realistic settings. You can click multitude of pictures and enjoy them with your loved ones.
How long has it been since we used an analogue camera? Or even seen one? They disappeared during the early 2000’s when the world went digital. These digital cameras and analogue cameras look the same from outside, but on the inside there are several differences. Digital cameras are easier to operate than the analogue cameras and provide real instant photographs on the built-in LCD screens. The images captured in the digital cameras can be removed and saved on other devices – laptops, computers, tablets, smartphones and so on. The saved images can be opened using photo editing softwares and can be edited. Digital cameras have gained much popularity because of their ease of use, efficiency, clarity and quality. Most of the brands shifted their analogue production to digital during the mid 2000’s when the craze for owning them reached epic heights. The first digital camera was invented in 1975 by Kodak company.
There are many brands that manufacture digital cameras and Nikon is one of the popular brands. Nikon was founded in the year 1917 in Tokyo, Japan and was then called ‘Nippon Kogaku Kogyo Kabushikigaisha’ which meant ‘Japan Optical Industries Corporation’. This name was replaced to ‘ Nikon Corporation’ in the year 1988. Nikon cameras are known for their user-friendliness, functionality, stylish designs and affordable prices. They manufacture cameras for both professionals and beginners, keeping in mind their needs and requirements.
Nikon has different types of digital cameras such as Digital Single Lens Reflex cameras (DSLR) and Digital Compact cameras.
Nikon’s Digital Compact camera prices: There are different types of compact cameras by Nikon such as Coolpix which has various variants such as superzoom, bridge, travel-zoom, miniature and rugged cameras. These Digital Compact cameras are affordably priced, ranging from Rs. 4000 to Rs. 25,000. Depending on the features and specifications, the price varies. The basic point-and-shoot cameras are priced within Rs. 10,000 and the advanced point-and-shoot cameras are priced above Rs. 10,000 and below Rs. 25,000.
Nikon’s DSLR camera prices: They are the advanced cameras manufactured by Nikon and have both beginners DSLRs and professional DSLRs and are prices between Rs. 20,000 and Rs. 2,00,000. The basic entry-level DSLRs are available within Rs. 35,000 and the advanced high-end nikon dslr are available between the price range Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 2,00,000.
Where to buy Nikon digital cameras?
You can buy Nikon digital cameras online or in retail stores depending on your convenience. Shopping online is easy, safe and convenient. Most of the online shopping websites have a compare option in their websites, which lets you compare between 2 or more cameras – their features, specifications and prices. Also, some online shopping websites provide easy payment options and return policies to ensure that you have a satisfying shopping experience.
Established in 1997, Canon India Pvt. Ltd. in one of the reigning leaders in imaging technologies. Canon houses a wide range of sophisticated and modern digital imaging products in the country. These include digital copiers, fax-machines, multi-functional peripherals, inkjet and laser printers, scanners, digital cameras, digital camcorders, semiconductors, card printers and cable ID printers.
With rapidly growing technological base, Canon has pioneered five imaging engines, namely Optical Engine, Electrophotography, Bubble Jet, Semiconductors and Display which puts Canon at par with other imaging companies. Utilizing environment-friendly products, Canon focuses on the development of resources by conserving products that are smaller, lighter and easy to recycle. In India, Canon takes an initiative to dispose off its e-waste by sending such waste to government affiliated recycling agency.
As part of the company’s aim to enhance digital experience for consumers, Canon Image Lounge was launched in Gurgaon, Mumbai and Bangalore for customers to get a first hand experience of Canon products. The lounges provide an elaborate display of Canon’s vast range of products for consumers to look, feel and experience without any compulsion to buy. To instill the sense of photography in customers, special photography workshops and other customer oriented programmes were conducted in these lounges.
Canon camera offers a range of exclusive products to capture your favourite moments. Canon comprises of product range like PowerShot and DSLR to suit your image preferences. The types of cameras which the company offers are point and shoot, advance point and shoot, DSLR, mirrorless and SLR. Whether you are a first-time digital camera owner, with photography as your hobby or a professional photographer, the PowerShot is packed with powerful creative features to suit all your needs and preferences. Right from quick clicks to underwater pictures, action shots and such, there is a PowerShot model created for every individual. Designed with smart, versatile features of a professional camera, the compact digital camera captures it all and is easy to handle. PowerShot SX-series models are easy to handle and are ideal for sports and school events with its features of extra zoom capacities to let you magnify photos, without compromising on the aspect of clarity. For quick, easy and friendly snaps, the PowerShot A-series comes to your rescue. Designed with advanced innovations and smart auto functions, these digital cameras automatically carry out all the functions so that you can focus on getting fun pictures in a snap without having to worry about the techniques. Some models have exciting accessories such as speedlite flashes and remote switches which enhance your experience of photography. Designed with dual anti-noise technology, the cameras minimise noise and image blur to produce sharp, clear images in extreme light conditions and that too without the use of flash. Canon is responsible for two functions which include ultra-fast operations and rich, low-noise images with outstanding clarity and colour.
You can choose among the types of image sensors like BSI CMOS, CCD, CMOS. With megapixels ranging from 10 to 16 and above, the cameras pave way for natural colours ,high picture quality and with camera prices . Choose from a variety of cool metallic colours and display sizes and go for the one which suits your style best. Designed with a range of batteries, you can opt for the one which suits your purpose.
Nikon, a multinational corporation is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. Nikon specializes in optics and imaging products and its product line includes – cameras, camera lenses, binoculars, ophthalmic lenses, measurement instruments and steppers. Nikon was founded in the year 1917, and was called ‘Nippon Kogaku Kogyo Kabushikigaisha’ which meant ‘Japan Optical Industries Co., Ltd.’. In 1988, the company was renamed Nikon Corporation and it is one of the companies of the Mitsubishi Group. Nikon Corporation is popular for its Nikkor imaging lenses, Nikon F-series of 35mm film SLR cameras, Nikon D-series of digital SLR cameras, Coolpix series of compact digital cameras and Nikonos series of underwater film cameras.
Compact cameras: A wide range of compact cameras were manufactured by Nikon between 1983 and the early 2000’s. Nikon started naming the camera with a series name – L35/L135-series, RF/RD-series, EF/AW-series. Over the time, the cameras were double branded and the series names were as followed – Lite-Touch, Zoom-Touch, Fun-Touch and Sport-Touch. In the 1990’s, Nikon dropped the series name and continued with the sales name – Nikon’s APS-cameras were named Nuvis. Nikon’s digital compact cameras consisted of the Nikon Coolpix series and produced many variants – superzoom, bridge, travel-zoom, miniature compact and waterproof/rugged cameras. Nikon’s digital cameras are popular for its compact size, light-weight and stylish design.
DSLR cameras: Nikon’s high-end professional cameras were intended for professional use, heavy duty and weather resistance. The Nikon’s DSLR series include – Nikon D1, Nikon D1X, Nikon D1H, Nikon D2H, Nikon D2X, Nikon D2HS, Nikon D2XS, Nikon D3X, Nikon D3S, Nikon D4 and Nikon D4S. The Nikon’s upper-entry-level DSLR’s include – Nikon D5000, Nikon D5100, Nikon D5200 and Nikon D5300. And, the entry-level DSLR’s include – Nikon D50, Nikon D40, Nikon D60, Nikon D3000, Nikon D3100, Nikon D3200 and Nikon D3300.
Nikon camera price
Nikon cameras are popular for their functionality, design and user-friendliness. They are available in a wide price range, depending on the type of camera and the series, the price varies.
Nikon’s digital compact camera price: Nikon’s digital compact cameras are available in affordable prices ranging from Rs. 4000 to Rs. 25,000. Depending on your need and budget, you can pick an appropriate Nikon Coolpix camera that falls within your budget. The basic Point & Shoot cameras are usually priced within Rs. 10,000 and the Advanced Point & Shoot cameras are priced above Rs. 10,000.
Nikon’s DSLR camera price: Nikon dslr cameras are priced between Rs. 20,000 and Rs. 2,00,000. The basic entry-level DSLR’s are available within Rs. 35,000. The camera price varies depending on the features and specifications. The high-end DSLR’s are priced between Rs. 35,000 and Rs. 2,00,000. The high-end DSLR’s are used by professionals.
Where to buy Nikon cameras?
You can buy Nikon cameras online or in retail stores depending on your convenience. Shopping online is easy, safe and convenient. Most of the online shopping websites have a compare option in their websites, which lets you compare between 2 or more cameras – their features, specifications and prices. Also, some online shopping websites provide easy payment options and return policies to ensure that you have a satisfying shopping experience.